INGREDIENT Profiles

A brief profile on each of our chosen botanicals.

An immense amount of information on botanical ingredients for culinary, medicinal and ritual uses can be found online and in written literature. Western Herbalism, Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) are just three amongst the myriad of herbal wisdom traditions which are now joined by a rising tide of published peer-reviewed studies. We have collected and edited below the most widely agreed on properties and points of interest, and a brief profile on each of our chosen botanicals as a way to both share knowledge, and help you become more familiar and comfortable with these amazing plants.

BACOPA (Bacopa monniera) 

Other names: Brahmi, Aindri, Water Hyssop, Indian Pennywort

Commonly used in Ayurveda, Bacopa/Brahmi has a highly held reputation for being effective at boosting memory and combating stress. An adaptogen, Bacopa is also associated with protection against oxidative cellular damage. With continued use, studies show that Bacopa can improve cognition and memory formation.

Suggested properties: Adaptogenic, Antioxidant, Anticonvulsant, Antidepressant

Parts used: Aerials

CAYENNE PEPPER (Capsicum annuum) 

Organically grown in the US. A moderately hot chili pepper (35000 shu) with a long and storied culinary history, Cayenne pepper has many reported benefits including improved circulation, digestive aid, appetite suppression and pain relief.

Suggested properties: Metabolic booster, Anti-irritant, Circulatory excitant, Antifungal

Parts used: Fruit

CHAMOMILE (Matricaria recutita) 

Other names: Matricaria chamomilla, Camomile

We use a potent blend of Australian, Croatian and Egyptian Chamomile to achieve the best balance of flavour and activity. Pleasant tasting and apple scented and a great harmonising herb, Chamomile has been appreciated in most healing traditions and is used all over the world as a solution for insomnia, to soothe the nervous system and as a calmative.

Suggested properties: Antispasmodic, Carminative, Anti-inflammatory, Analgesic, Antiseptic, Vulnerary

Parts used: Flower

DAMIANA (Turnera diffusa)

Other names: Herba de la pastora, Turnera aphrodisiaca

We use a mix of both organically grown and ethically wild-harvested Damiana from Mexico. Highly regarded as a general tonic for the nervous system, Damiana has a long held reputation for it’s sense enhancing, aphrodisiac and antidepressant properties. Enhanced dream recollection and formation is also consistently reported.

Suggested properties: Aphrodisiac, Nerve tonic, Hormone regulator, Antidepressant

Part used: Leaf

EPIMEDIUM (Epimedium sagittatum)

Other names: Barrenwort, Yin Yang Huo, Horny Goat Weed, Hierba de Cabra en Celo

Wild-harvested in remote mountainous regions of China. Used for centuries in TCM to treat conditions from hayfever to osteoperosis, Epimedium is most renowned for it’s use in increasing libido and sexual function in both men and women.

Suggested properties: Sexual tonic, Hypotensive, Aphrodisiac, Expectorant

Part used: Leaf

GINGER (Zingiber officinale)

Other names: Chiang

With a history of human use as ancient as any herb, revered as a gift from the gods and a laundry list of awesome there’s a reason Ginger is so common in both Eastern and Western culinary and healing traditions. Brings a sense of heat and a certain zing.

We use a mix of Sri Lankan and Indian grown ginger for a balanced sweetness and spice profile.

Suggested properties: Antiemetic, Carminative, Rubefacient, Stimulant, Diaphoretic, Antispasmodic, Antiseptic, Anti-inflammatory

Part used: Root

GINKGO (Ginkgo biloba L.)

Other names: Maidenhair Tree, Ginkgo Folium, Gingko, Bai-guo

One of the oldest living species on earth (found in fossils dating back 270 million years), a Ginkgo Biloba tree can live for up to 1000 years. Ginkgo is a superstar of natural medicine with its most common uses focusing on cognition, memory function and formation, and circulatory problems. 

Suggested properties: Antioxidant, Circulatory stimulant, Cell oxygenator

Parts used: Leaf

GOTU KOLA (Centella asiatica)

Other names: Asiatic Pennywort

Valued as one of the premier herbs in the Ayurvedic tradition and touted as a brain tonic, Gotu Kola is used for memory loss and for calming the nerves, and is also regarded as a general restorative for the nervous system. 

Suggested properties: Nerve tonic, Rejuvenating diuretic, Anti-inflammatory

Parts used: Leaf

GUARANA (Paullinia cupana)

Other names: Brazilian Cocoa

Containing around twice the amount of caffeine per seed as coffee, Guarana also contains a whole mix of other compounds including theophylline and theobromine. These act together over and above its caffeine content to provide a more sustained and progressive energetic rise for both mental and physical capacity. 

Suggested properties: Stimulant

Parts used: Seed

GUAYUSA (Ilex guayusa)

Other names: Night's Watchman

Farmed in forest gardens in the highlands of Ecuador. South American holly native to Ecuador, and close cousin to Yerba Mate but far less well known outside of the upper Amazon. Rich in caffeine, theobromine and theophylline, Guayusa (hua-You-sa) also contains L-theanine, an amino acid that imparts a feeling of pleasant tranquility. Smooth, never bitter with hints of sweetness.

Suggested properties: Cerebral + nervous system stimulant, Diuretic

Parts Used: Leaf

HOPS (Humulus lupulus)

We use a mix of Saaz and Spalt “noble” hops from Germany. Most well known as an ingredient for brewing beer, the female flowers have been shown to contain chemicals that relax smooth muscles. Historically used to treat insomnia, restlessness and tension, and to stimulate the appetite.

Suggested properties: Sedative, Hypnotic, Soporific, Antispasmodic, Aromatic bitter, Astringent, Antiseptic

Parts used: Flower

LAVENDER (Lavandula angustifolia)

Familiar in gardens around the world, Lavender has a long history of aesthetic and culinary use. As an herbal tisane, Lavender is reputed to be both a relaxant, and mild analgesic due to its strong aromatic and antispasmodic properties. 

Australian grown, richly scented, deeply coloured and beautiful tasting.

Suggested properties: Carminative, Antispasmodic, Antidepressant, Rubefacient

Parts used: Flower

LEMON GRASS (Cymbopogon citratus)

Other names: Lemongrass, Xiang Mao, Fever Grass

Commonly used to alleviate colds and congestion, and widely regarded as effective for treating digestive and gastrointestinal disorders, Lemongrass has a long history of use in culinary and herbal medicinal traditions.

Suggested properties: Sedative, Antifungal, Antibacterial, Analgesic

Part used: Aerials

LEMON MYRTLE (Backhousia citriodora)

Other names: Lemon Scented Myrtle, Lemon Scented Ironwood

An Australian native used to reduce cramps and spasms, headaches, fevers and reputed to strengthen the immune system. This Australian native has a beautiful, strong citral scent and wonderful lemon flavour. An uplifting scent pared with harmonising activity.

Suggested properties: Antimicrobial, Antiseptic, Antineuralgic, Analgesic

Parts used: Leaf

MACA (Lepidium mayenii)

Other names: Peruvian Ginseng

Considered a superfood, micronutrient dense, and high in antioxidants, Maca has a long and growing list of associated benefits. Prized for centuries in the Preuvian Andes for its stamina boosting and medicinal properties, studies are now centring around its ability to regulate hormone levels and improve sexual function in both men and women.

Suggested properties: Adaptogen, Tonic, Diuretic, Stimulant

MELISSA (Melissa officinalis)

Other names: Lemon Balm, Balm Mint, Blue Balm, Garden Balm, Honey Plant

We use a mix of Australian and European Melissa to achieve the right balance of sharp citral and more rounded tones. A member of the mint family, and with a long use in Europe to reduce stress and promote relaxation, Lemon Balm is considered one of the premier calming herbs.

Suggested properties: Relaxant, Antispasmodic, Antidepressant, Diaphoretic, Hypotensive, Antiviral, Nerve tonic

Parts used: Leaf

PASSIONFLOWER (Passiflora incarnata)

Other names: Passionflower Herb, Maypop

Widely used for relief from nervous disorders, Passionflower has a reputation for its hypnotic and antidepressant properties. The chemicals in Passionflower have calming, muscle spasm relieving effects.

Parts used: Aerials

Suggested properties: Sedative, Antispasmodic, Anodyne, Tranquilising

PEPPERMINT (Mentha × piperita)

A complex hybrid of mints with an intricate genetic composition and a shining history in almost all healing traditions around the world, Peppermint, along with it's potent flavour, is considered the most important medicinal mint.

Premium grade Australian and European grown peppermints.

Suggested properties: Antispasmodic, Antiseptic, Antiemetic, Carminative, Aromatic, Diaphoretic, Nervine, Analgesic

ROOIBOS (Aspalathus Linearis)

Other names: Red Bush, Red Tea

Caffeine free and low in tannin, Rooibos is a highly regarded flavoursome alternative to tradional teas, is high in antioxidants and other trace minerals.

Suggested properties: Antioxidant, Antispasmodic

Parts used: Leaf

SIBERIAN GINSENG (Eleutheroccus senticcosus)

Other names: Eleuthero, Acanthopanax, Ci Wu Ji

A renowned nootropic used for maintaining energy, endurance and mental alertness under a wide range of conditions. Siberian Ginseng has a stellar reputation with athletes, mountaineers, students and party people alike. 

Suggested properties: Stimulant to immune and circulatory systems, Adapotegenic

Part used: Root

SIDA (Sida cordifolia) 

Other Names: Bala, Heartleaf, Country Mallow, Flannel Weed

Highly valued in Ayurveda for conditions ranging from asthma and coughs to headache, due to its natural stimulant qualities Sida is also used for boosting physical strength and endurance. 

Suggested properties: Stimulant, Aphrodisiac, Diuretic

Parts used: Stem, Root + Seed

WINTHANIA (Withania somnifera) 

Other names: Ashwagandha, Indian Ginseng, Winter Cherry

Holding a smiliar place of importance in India as Ginseng does in China, Ashwagandha/Withania is widely regarded as an anxiolytic, general stress reliever and mood leveler. 

Suggested properties: Adaptogenic, Tonic, Sedative

Part used: Root

YERBA MATE (Ilex paraguariensis)

Holding a special place in the hearts of millions of South Americans, Yerba Mate is widely regarded as a powerhouse of beneficial compounds. Containing not just caffeine, but the Xanthine alkaloids found in both Green Tea and Chocolate (Theophylline and Theobromine respectively), Yerba Mate delivers a sustained, smooth energy that is considered superior to coffee and tea by its many advocates.

We use a combination of “green” Yerba Mate (un-aged), and source our aged Yerba Mate from a small family run organisation in Misiones province Argentina and made in the traditional artisan style.

Suggested properties: Cerebral + nervous system stimulant, Diuretic

Parts used: Leaf and stem


STIMULANTS AND OTHER ACTIVES

We know you know, but it's important to be reminded. Pregnant or breastfeeding mothers, or anyone on any medication/with a pre-existing medical condition should always consult a doctor about any restrictions. While teas and tisanes have been consumed for centuries (and in some cases millennia) and can generally be considered as very safe, they can contain caffeine and other compounds that are "active" that could cause unwanted effects in some people.


REFERENCES + FURTHER READING

Duke, James A. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs. CRC Press, 2002

Pursell, JJ. The Herbal Apothecary. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press, 2015

Webb, Marcus A. & Richard Craze. The Herb & Spice Companion. Quantum Publishing, 2006 

Rätsch, Christian. The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants. Rochester, Vermont: Park Street Press, 2005

Hoffman, David. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003 

Rätsch, Christian & Claudia Müller-Ebeling. The Encyclopedia of Aphrodisiacs. Rochester, Vermont. Toronto, Canada: Park Street Press, 2013

Vanrenen, Louis J. Power Herbs - A Practical Guide. New York: Penguin Putnam, 2000